The first rugby match took place on March 27, 1871 between Scotland and England. Scotland won 1: 1.
By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had a team, and in 1883 they organized the first international tournament called the Home Nations Championship. 1883 was also the first year that there was a rugby sevens held in Melrose Sevens, a tournament that is still held today.
Two foreign tours took place in 1888: a team of players from the British Isles arrived in Australia and New Zealand, paving the way for further British and Irish trips. Lions and New Zealand Natives crossed the ocean to compete in front of the UK audience.
In the early stages of rugby union, when commercial flights were not yet launched, teams from other continents hardly competed against each other. Both tours took place in 1888 when the British archipelago toured in New Zealand and Australia, and then in the opposite direction, New Zealand landed in Europe. travels by Southern Hemisphere teams like Australia, New Zealand and South Africa to Northern Hemisphere countries, and return trips by a British and Irish coalition team. It was because the travel was time-consuming as well as the number of matches; The New Zealand team in 1888 began their tour from Hawkes Bay in June and ended in August 1889, completing 107 matches. International traveling teams often played tests with other teams, regardless of whether it’s a national team, a club or just a county or provincial / state team.
From 1905 to 1908, all three major rugby representatives of the Southern Hemisphere took turns traveling to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought to play, physical and tactical new, and proved much more successful than what experts predict. The New Zealand 1905 tournament team performed a haka dance before their match. Witnessing this, the Rugby Union Wales executive Tom Williams asked the Welsh player Teddy Morgan to direct the audience of the Wales national theater, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, in return.