In 1845, the first football rule was written by Rugby School students. Highlights of the early development of rugby were the decision to separate from the Football Association of the Blackheath Club in 1863 and the division between rugby union and rugby league in 1895. In 1995 people were no longer restricted money paid to the player, and thus rugby became the professional sport at the highest level.
The World Rugby, formerly known as the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) and from 1998 to 2014 called the International Rugby Board (IRB), has been the executive agency of the rugby union since 1886. Rugby union originates from countries like British and Irish, and spread to the British Empire countries.
Rugby union is a sport at the Olympics at four games in the 20th century. No international rugby matches or club matches were held during World War. First, instead, they competed in military teams, such as the Army of New Zealand. During World War II there were only a few international matches of Italy, Germany, and Romania, while Cambridge and Oxford continue to host the University Match.
The first international seven-player rugby tournament took place in 1973 at Murrayfield, one of Scotland’s largest stadiums, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Scottish Rugby Union.
World Cup and professionalization
1987 was the first year the Rugby World Cup was hosted with Australia and New Zealand host, and the first team to win was New Zealand. The first seven-person Rugby World Cup was held in Murrayfield in 1993. Rugby Sevens has been held at the First Commonwealth Games in 1998 and has been an Olympic sport since 2016.
Rugby union was still an amateur sport. After professionalization, the international tournaments for the club were born. It included the Heineken Cup and Super Rugby.
The League of Nations, including Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, has been held annually since 1996. In 2012, the tournament featured the participation of Argentina, the team with an impressive performance in international matches. After adding another team, the name was changed to The Rugby Championship.